2024 Grand National | OFFICIAL AINTREE GOING

Soft Good to Soft in places

This iconic race, a pinnacle of British horse racing, is as unpredictable as it is thrilling. Yet, one factor that will significantly influence the outcome is the 'Official Going,' a term that describes the ground conditions on the racecourse.

While the official 'Going' for this year's race has moved from heavy to soft, understanding its implications is crucial for anyone with a stake in the Grand National.

In this article, we'll delve into the intricacies of 'Going,' its impact on horse racing, and why it holds particular importance for the Grand National.

What is 'Official Going'?

In the world of horse racing, few terms are as pivotal as 'Official Going.' This phrase describes the ground conditions at a racecourse, determined by the Clerk of the course.

The 'Going' is assessed based on the amount of moisture in the ground, which can significantly affect a horse's performance.

To provide a more scientific measurement, the industry introduced the GoingStick in 2007. This device is poked into the ground, and depending on how far it goes in, a numerical reading indicates the moisture level.

Before the advent of the GoingStick, clerks used more rudimentary methods, such as the heel of their wellies or the pointy end of a walking stick, to gauge the ground conditions.

Different types of 'Going' range from 'Firm,' often found in the dry summer months, to 'Heavy,' which is more common in the winter.

These conditions are so crucial that they can influence how a horse runs and where and when a horse should run, guiding the decisions of trainers and owners.

How the 'Going' is Measured

The Importance of 'Going' in Horse Racing

Understanding the 'Going' is not just a matter of jargon or tradition; it's a critical factor that can make or break a race for a horse. The ground conditions significantly affect a horse's performance in several ways:

Speed and Stamina

The 'Going' can influence how fast or slow a horse runs. For instance, firmer ground typically allows for faster race times. In contrast, softer, heavier ground can be more taxing on a horse's stamina.

Decision-Making for Trainers and Owners

The 'Going' reports are vital for trainers and owners when deciding when and where to race a horse.

Some horses are specialists, excelling on specific types of ground, while others are more versatile, adapting to various conditions. Knowing the 'Going' can help make strategic race participation decisions.

Betting and Odds

For bettors, understanding the 'Going' is crucial for making informed wagers. The ground conditions can affect the odds and potentially the race's outcome, making it an essential factor to consider when placing bets.

Its importance cannot be overstated, especially for a race as unpredictable and challenging as the Grand National.

Grand National Going

Types of 'Going' and Their Impact

Here's a breakdown of the different types of 'Going' and what they mean for horses and races:


This type of ground is the firmest on the scale of ground conditions in horse racing. However, it's worth noting that "Hard" going is relatively rare in modern British horse racing.

Most racecourses will water the course to avoid such hard conditions, aiming for a safer, more forgiving surface like "Good" or "Good to Soft."


Firm ground is often encountered during summer months when the racing surface is dry. This type of ground allows for quicker race times but can be hard on a horse's joints and ligaments.

Good to Firm

This is a slightly slower surface than firm ground. Racecourse staff may add water to the track to achieve this condition, especially if no rain is forecasted.


This is the most common type of ground and is considered the fairest for the majority of horses. Racecourses often aim for this condition to attract larger fields and offer a balanced challenge.

Good to Soft

Typically found in winter, this ground holds a fair amount of water but is still mostly good. It offers a bit more give underfoot, which some horses prefer.


Common in the jumps season, soft ground is more challenging for horses to run on. The ground is deeper and moister, leading to slower race times. Some horses, however, excel on soft ground.


This type of ground is a real test of stamina. It's often very wet and hard to run on, and only a few horses relish these conditions.

Understanding these different types of 'Going' is crucial for anyone involved in horse racing, whether you're a trainer deciding where to race your horse or a bettor looking to place a well-informed wager.

'Going' and the Grand National: Aintree's Approach

When it comes to the Grand National, the importance of 'Going' takes on an added dimension.

Aintree Racecourse, the host of this iconic event, has its own set of challenges that make the ground conditions even more critical.

Aintree's Safety Measures

In recent years, Aintree has been proactive in maintaining ground conditions that prioritise the safety of horses and jockeys.

The course aims for 'Good' or 'Good to Soft' conditions, which are generally considered safer than 'Firm' ground. To achieve this, the Clerk of the Course may decide to water the track, ensuring that the ground is optimal for racing.

The British Weather Factor

However, the unpredictable British weather can upend Aintree's best-laid plans. The Grand National is run in early spring, a season known for its erratic weather.

A sudden period of rain could turn the ground 'Heavy,' making it more challenging for the course to revert to 'Good to Soft.' While watering can make the ground softer, removing excess moisture is a more complicated task. Strong winds can help dry up the course, but they are far from a reliable solution.

The Complexity of the Course

The Grand National stands apart from typical races; its marathon length and unique fence characteristics elevate the importance of ground conditions beyond that of a standard steeplechase.

The 'Going' can affect how these challenges are navigated, adding another layer of complexity to this already demanding event.

In summary, 'Going' is more than just a term to be glossed over when discussing the Grand National.

It's a crucial factor influencing the race's outcome, affecting everything from horse and jockey safety to betting odds.

Aintree Racecourse takes significant measures to control the 'Going.' Still, the British weather always has the final say, making this one of the many variables that add to the Grand National's unpredictability.

Individual Preferences: Horses and 'Going'

While 'Going' is a universal factor that affects every race, its impact can vary dramatically from one horse to another. Just as humans have preferences for different types of weather, horses have their own likes and dislikes regarding ground conditions.

Specialists vs. All-Rounders

Some horses are specialists, performing exceptionally well on specific types of ground. For example, certain horses excel on 'Heavy' ground, relishing the challenge it presents.

Others may prefer a firmer surface, finding their best speed on 'Good to Firm' or 'Firm' ground. Then there are the all-rounders, versatile horses that can adapt to various conditions.

Betting Implications

Understanding a horse's preference for 'Going' is invaluable for those looking to place bets on the Grand National. Past performance records often indicate how a horse has fared under similar conditions, providing crucial insights for making informed wagers.

Heavy Ground as a 'Great Leveller'

It's worth noting that heavy ground can act as a 'great leveller' in horse racing. The more challenging the conditions, the fewer the number of horses that are likely to complete the race.

This can make for some unexpected outcomes and should be a key consideration for anyone involved in betting or race strategy.

Research is Key

Given the importance of 'Going,' it's crucial to do your homework. If you're a punter, understanding how different horses react to various ground conditions can significantly impact which horse or you choose to back.

In summary, while 'Going' is a universal factor in horse racing, its impact can be highly individualistic.

Knowing how a horse performs on different types of ground can be the difference between a winning and a losing bet, making it a critical aspect to consider in the unpredictable world of the Grand National.




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Historical 'Going' Aintree Grand National

Year Going
2023 Good to soft
2022 Good to soft
2021 Good to soft
2019 Good to soft
2018 Heavy
2017 Good to soft
2016 Soft (heavy in places)
2015 Good to soft
2014 Good to soft
2013 Good to soft
2012 Good (good to soft in places)